Touching Bottom


Charles Renouvier. Photographie Centrale, Avignon, photographer.  Carte-de-visite, 1863 or 1883]. From WJ’s "Anthropological Collection." MS Am 1092.9 (4568) 4.1

"I think that yesterday was a crisis in my life. I finished the first part of Renouvier's 2nd Essay, and saw no reason why his definition of free will--sustaining of a thought because I choose to when I might have other thoughts--need be the definition of an illusion. At any rate I will assume for the present--until next year--that it is no illusion. My first act of free will shall be to believe in free will."—Diary 1